The University of Rome has established the true birthplace of Homo sapiens. Homo sapiens was born not in East Africa 200 thousand years ago, as previously assumed, but in the western part of the African continent.
In the journal of the study of the human genome, genetic experts Fulvio Cruciani and Rosaria Scozzani have opened new horizons in the area of research that was previously considered thoroughly studied. The new data obtained forces us to rethink the facts that, it would seem, have long been identified.
According to a recent study by Italian scientists, the Arabian Peninsula can not be called the homeland of a reasonable person, but it still remains the habitat of the first people: it was here that they lived for 100 thousand years, and not 60 thousand as scientists thought earlier.
Another author of recent studies, Beniamino Trombetta (Beniamino Trombetta) claims that the event that gave rise to all of humanity, took place to be outside of Africa. Scientists obtained such data again by thoroughly studying the Y chromosome from human DNA. A new study was made possible thanks to new sequencing technologies that allow the identification of male chromosomes. Thus, 2368 variants of male chromosomes located in the western part of the world were identified, of which 80 percent were installed for the first time.
Recall that during excavations in Ethiopia, scientists found that the first intelligent man appeared directly in Africa. This was evidenced by the remains found in the country, including the skulls of an adult, a woman and a child.
It is worth noting that later research will suggest that the distant ancestors of people could travel long distances already about one and a half thousand years ago. Such conclusions were made by Russian scientists who discovered all the necessary evidence on Socotra Island in the Indian Ocean. All the evidence that the Russian scientists managed to get proved that the objects left in this territory are the result of activities of the so-called kind homo habilisthat preceded homo sapiens.
The chain of human evolution is as follows: initially directly appeared homo habilis (skilled man), followed by homo ergaster (working man), homo erectus (upright man) and only after that homo antecessor (human predecessor), the penultimate stage of transformation of creatures into higher ones.
By the way, science does not cease to amaze us with the latest findings and conclusions. In 2011, historians at the University of Cambridge published their latest research, according to which homo sapiens were the direct cause of the extinction of Neanderthals.
According to experts, it was a reasonable person who replaced the latter. Their number was simply overwhelming, so the original inhabitants of the continent could not adequately withstand the onset of competition.
So, the rational man in the hunting arsenal had more sophisticated hunting tools such as advanced spears, as well as new storage methods that did not leave any chance for the first people.